One of the foremost tasks for
contemporary African centered scholars is
to provide an historical overview of the global African community. This
is a critical task that must be completed in its entirety. This
includes the history, culture and present condition of African people
both at home and abroad. If not for the primordial migrations of early
African people, humanity would have remained physically Africoid, and
the rest of the world outside of the African continent absent of human
life. This is our starting point as we continue on.
an extremely ancient but
little known Black population. They are the forest dwelling people
called Sekai, sometimes identified by the controversial term–
"Negritos". These Black folks live in southern Thailand in the region
straddling the border with northern Malaysia.
National Museum houses
some of the finest and most African looking Buddhist images in the
world. In particular, those images that can be traced back to the
cultural phase known as the Mon or Dvaravati cultural period when an
independent kingdom flourished in southern Thailand from the sixth to
the eleventh century. The Mon people, apparently highly Africoid,
practiced Theravada Buddhism, and it seems that the present Thais
adopted Buddhism from them. Indeed, more than ninety-five percent of
the Thais today are Theravada Buddhists.
In 1883, the
physical appearance of many
Southeast Asian images of the Buddha were described by African-American
scholar George Washington Williams thusly:
"In the temples of Siam [Thailand] we find the idols fashioned like
unto Negroes.... Traces of this black race are still to be found along
the Himalaya range from the Indus to Indo-China, and the Malay
Peninsula, and in mixed form through the southern states to Ceylon."
Williams, with regard to the
Buddha appearance, Godfrey Higgins,(1) in 1833, argued that:
"In the most ancient temples
scattered throughout Asia, where his worship is yet continued, he is
found black as jet, with the flat face, thick lips and curly hair of
The Black community is
extremely minute now but all over
Philippines there are 29
known language groups of "Negritos," spoken by the aboriginal peoples
of that island nation. These Negritos, found on several islands (The
Visayan Islands), number in total about 31,000. http://www.sil.org/silewp/1997/004/
island which is among of
the Visayan group is located in Central Philippines. It is separated
from the island of Panay to the northwest by the Guimaras Strait and
from Cebu island to the east by the Tañon Straits. The island is
bordered on the north and south by the Visayan and Sulu seas,
generally known in this day and age, Godfrey Higgins (1772-1833),
archeologist, politician, humanitarian, social reformer, and author,
was one of the most enlightened and educated men of early 19th century
England. He was a well-known iconoclast, rationalist, and admirer of
the Jews, who vehemently opposed any kind of persecution of this
ancient religious group. He wrote two oversized volumes, totaling
around 1600 pages of fine print, about the Jews' Indian origins. These
two volumes, entitled Anacalypsis, are extremely rare. The last
printing was done in 1965 by University Books, NY. It's a difficult
book to read because the author painstakingly proved the minutest of
details in his dissertation. Even good readers need several weeks to
(Span. for little Negroes ),
the name originally given by the Spaniards to the aborigines of the
Philippine Islands. The true Negritos are always of little stature (the
majority under 5 ft.), have rounded forms and their skull is
brachycephalic or subbrachycephalic, that is to say, it is relatively
short and broad and of little height. Their skin is dark brown or
black, sometimes somewhat yellowish, their hair woolly (scanty on face
and body), and they have the flat nose and thick lips and other
physical features of the Negro.
aboriginal inhabitants of the
islands were the Negritos, or Pygmies, also called Aetas or Balugas;
they now constitute only a small
percentage of the total population. The
people of the Philippines are called Filipinos.
Their ancestors, who were of Malay stock, came from the
southeastern Asian mainland as well as from what is now Indonesia. From
the 10th century, contacts with China resulted in a group of mixed
Filipino-Chinese descent, who account for a minority of the population.
A small percentage of Chinese nationals also live in the country.
Spanish-Filipinos and Filipino-Americans may be distinguished by their
fairer complexion, taller stature, and aquiline nose structure. The
relatively small numbers of emigrants from the Indian subcontinent
added to the population's racial mixture.
"Our work shows that
modern humans first came
to southeast Asia and then moved later to northern China," said Li Jin,
a population geneticist at the University of Texas in Houston. "This
supports the idea that modern humans
originated in Africa."
Jin said the study
is based on analysis of the
gene patterns from 43 different ethnic groups in China and Asia. He
said the technique gives an indication of how people moved and mixed
over thousands of generations. Migration clues are carried in genetic
patterns, called microsatellites, that change rapidly over time. By
analyzing these changes and linking them to earlier genetic patterns,
researchers are able to plot the migration of ancient humans.
|In China, an
Africoid presence is
visible from remote antiquity. The Shang, for example, China's first
are described as having "black and oily skin." The famous Chinese sage
Lao-Tze was "black in complexion."
The rise of
food production in China
spawned several great prehistoric movements of human populations, or of
cultural traits, or of both. One of the movements, within China itself,
created the political and cultural phenomenon of China as we know it
overwhelming was this Chinese
steamroller, termed the Austronesian expansion, that the former peoples
of tropical Southeast
Asia have left behind few traces in the region's modern populations.
Just three relict groups of hunter- gatherers - the Semang Negritos of
the Malay Peninsula, the Adaman Islanders, and the Veddoid Negritos of
Sri Lank remain to suggest that tropical Southeast Asia's former
inhabitants may have been dark-skinned and curly-haired, like modern
New Guineans and unlike the light-skinned, straight-haired South
Chinese and the modern tropical Southeast Asians who are their
offshoots. Those relict Negritos of Southeast Asia may be the last
survivors of the source population from which Australia and New Guinea
highlands were colonized.
Princess notes below before reading)
Since the first modern humans
sapiens) were of African birth, the African presence globally can be
demonstrated through the history of the Black populations that have
inhabited the world within the span of recent humanity. Not only are
African people the aboriginal people of the planet, however, there is
abundant evidence to show that Black people created and sustained many
of the world's earliest and most enduring civilizations. Such was the
case in India.
“Scientists from the University of Padua in Italy
hereditary material in cells found that modern humans followed a
migration wave from Africa to Asia thousands of years ago after an
earlier exodus to the Mediterranean and Greece. Blood samples of people
from east Africa and India showed close genetic similarities indicating
a common African ancestor.”
The Italian study was reported in the December 1998 issue of the
Journal Nature Genetics.
valuable writings reflecting close relationships between
Africa and early India have existed for more than two thousand years.
In the first century B.C.E.(2),
for example, the famous Greek historian Diodorus Siculus penned that,
"From Ethiopia he (Osiris) passed through Arabia, bordering upon the
Red Sea as far as India.... He built many cities in India, one of which
he called Nysa, willing to have remembrance of that (Nysa) in Egypt,
where he was brought up."
The literary work of the early
Christian writer Eusebius preserves the
tradition that, "In the reign of Amenophis III [the mighty Dynasty
XVIII Egyptian king] a body of Ethiopians migrated from the country
about the Indus, and settled in the valley of the Nile." And still
another document from ancient times, the Itinerarium Alexandri, says
that "India, taken as a whole, beginning from the north and embracing
what of it is subject to Persia, is a continuation of Egypt and the
the world's oldest and
largest news organization.
BCE stands for "Before
the common era." It is expected to replace BC, which means
Christ." BC and BCE are also identical in value. Most theologians and
religious historians believe that the approximate birth date of Yeshua
of Nazareth (Jesus) was in the fall, sometime between 4 and 7 BCE.
The term "common"
simply means that this is the most frequently used calendar system: the
Gregorian Calendar. There are many religious calendars in existence,
but each of these are normally in use in only a small geographic area
of the world -- typically by followers of a single religion.
In Greater India, more than a thousand years
before the foundations of Greece and Rome, proud and industrious Black
men and women known as Dravidians erected a powerful civilization. We
are referring here to the Indus Valley civilization- -India's earliest
high-culture, with major cities spread out along the course of the
The Indus Valley
at its height from about
2200 B.C.E. to 1700 B.C.E. This phase of its history is called the
Harappan, the name being derived from Harappa, one of the earliest
known Indus Valley cities.
1922, about 350 miles northeast of
Harappa, another large Indus city, Mohenjo-daro (the Mound of the Dead)
was identified. Mohenjo-daro and Harappa were apparently the chief
administrative centers of the Indus Valley complex, and since their
identification, several additional cities, including Chanhu-daro,
Kalibangan, Quetta and Lothal have been excavated.
decline and fall of the Indus Valley civilization has been linked to
several factors, the most important of which were the increasingly
frequent incursions of the White people known in history as
Aryans--violent Indo-European tribes initially from central Eurasia and
later Iran. Indeed, the name Iran means the "land of the Aryan." (we
will discuss the Aryan Nation in the next section)
safe to say that when we speak of the Dravidians as a people we are
speaking of the living descendants of the Harappan people of the
ancient Indus Valley who were pushed into South India as the result of
the Aryan invasions. This is certainly consistent with Dravidian
traditions which recall flourishing cities that were either lost or
destroyed in antiquity. The term "Dravidian," however, encompasses both
an ethnic group and a linguistic group. The ethnic group is
characterized by straight to wavy hair textures, combined with Africoid
physical features. In reference to this Dr. Cheikh Anta Diop stated
||"There are two well-defined Black races: one has
a black skin and woolly hair; the other also has black skin, often
exceptionally black, with straight hair, aquiline nose, thin lips, an
acute cheekbone angle. We find a prototype of this race in India: the
Dravidian. It is also known that certain Nubians likewise belong to the
same Negro type...Thus, it is inexact, anti-scientific, to do
anthropological research, encounter a Dravidian type, and then conclude
that the Negro type is absent.”
From at least the third century C.E. three major Dravidian kingdoms
existed in South India: the kingdoms of Pandya, Chera and Chola. Pandya
was the southernmost Dravidian kingdom.
In 1288 and again in 1293 the
traveler Marco Polo visited the Pandyan kingdom and left a vivid
description of the land and its people. Polo exclaimed that:
"The darkest man is here the most highly esteemed and considered better
than the others who are not so dark. Let me add that in very truth
these people portray and depict their gods and their idols black and
their devils white as snow. For they say that God and all the saints
are black and the devils are all white. That is why they portray them
as I have described."
of the Untouchables
White tribes that invaded India and disrupted Black civilization there
are known as Aryans. The Aryans were not necessarily superior warriors
to the Blacks but they were aggressive, developed sophisticated
military technologies and glorified military virtues. After hundreds of
years of intense martial conflict the Aryans succeeded in subjugating
most of northern India. Throughout the vanquished territories a rigid,
caste-segmented social order was established with the masses of
conquered Blacks (called Shudras) essentially reduced to slaves to the
Whites and imposed upon for service in any capacity required by their
This vicious new world
cold-bloodily racist, with the Whites on top, the mixed races in the
middle, and the overwhelming majority of Black people on the very
bottom. In fact, the Aryan term varna, denoting one's societal status
and used interchangeably with caste, literally means color or
complexion and reflects a prevalent racial hierarchy. Truly, India is
still a racist country. White supremacist David Duke claimed "that his
1970's visit to India was a turning point in his views on the
superiority of the White race."
law in India, based originally on race, regulated all aspects of life,
including marriage, diet, education, place of residence and occupation.
This is not to deny that there were certain elements of the Black
aristocracy that managed to gain prominence in the dominant White
social structure. The masses of conquered Black people, however, were
regarded by the Whites as Untruth itself. The Whites claimed to have
emerged from the mouth of God; the Blacks, on the other hand, were said
to have emerged from the feet of God. This was the ugly reality for the
Black masses in conquered India.
Servitude to Whites
the basis of the lives of the Black people of India for generation
after generation after generation. With the passage of time, this
brutally harsh, color-oriented, racially-based caste system became the
foundation of the religion that is now practiced throughout all India.
This is the religion known as Hinduism.
existence of Untouchability has been justified within the context of
Hindu religious thought as the ultimate and logical extensions of Karma
and rebirth. Indus believe that persons are born Untouchables because
of the accumulation of sins in previous lives. Hindu texts describe
these people as foul and loathsome, and any physical contact with them
was regarded as polluting.
Untouchables were usually
to live in pitiful little settlements on the outskirts of Hindu
communities. During certain periods in Indian history Untouchables were
only allowed to enter the adjoining Hindu communities at night. Indeed,
the Untouchables' very shadows were considered polluting, and they were
required to beat drums and make loud noises to announce their approach.
Untouchables had to attach brooms to their backs to erase any evidence
of their presence.
The basis status of India's Untouchables has changed little since
ancient times. On August 10, 1991 six Untouchables were shot to death
in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh. On August 16, 1991, an
Untouchable woman was stripped in public and savagely beaten in the
southern state of Andra Pradesh.
On September 6, 1991, in the western state of Maharastra, an
Untouchable policeman was killed for entering a Hindu temple. Official
Indian figures on violent crimes by caste Hindus against Untouchables
have averaged more than 10,000 cases per year, with the figures
continuing to rise. The Indian government listed 14,269 cases of
atrocities by caste Hindus against Untouchables in 1989 alone. However,
Indian human rights workers report that a large number of atrocities
against Untouchables, including beatings, gang-rapes, arson and
murders, are never recorded. Even when charges are formally filed,
justice for Untouchables is rarely dispensed.
Panther Party and the Dalit Panther Party
Possibly the most substantial percentage of Asia's Blacks can be
identified among India's 160 million "Untouchables" or "Dalits."
Frequently they are called "Outcastes." Indian nationalist leader and
devout Hindu Mohandas K. Gandhi called them "Harijans," meaning
"children of god." The official name given them in India's constitution
(1951) is "Scheduled Castes." "Dalit," meaning "crushed and broken," is
a name that has come into prominence only within the last four decades.
"Dalit" reflects a radically different response to oppression.
|The Dalit are demonstrating a rapidly
expanding awareness of their African ancestry and their relationship to
the struggle of Black people throughout the world. They seem
particularly enamored of African-Americans. African-Americans, in
general, seem almost idolized by the Dalit, and the Black Panther
Party, in particular, is virtually revered. In April 1972, for example,
the Dalit Panther Party was formed in Bombay, India. This organization
takes its pride and inspiration directly from the Black Panther Party
of the United States.
is a highly important development due to the
fact that the Untouchables have historically been so systematically
terrorized that many of them, even today, live in a perpetual state of
extreme fear of their upper caste oppressors. This is especially
evident in the villages. The formation of the Dalit Panthers and the
corresponding philosophy that accompanies it signals a fundamental
change in the annals of resistance, and Dalit Panther organizations
have subsequently spread to other parts of India. In August 1972, the
Dalit Panthers announced that the 25th anniversary of Indian
independence would be celebrated as a day of mourning.
In 1981, in Bangalore, India Dravidian
journalist V.T. Rajshekar published the first issue of Dalit Voice--the
major English journal of the Black Untouchables. In a 1987 publication
entitled the African Presence in Early Asia, Rajshekar stated that:
"The African-Americans also must know that their liberation struggle
cannot be complete as long as their own blood-brothers and sisters
living in far off Asia are suffering. It is true that African-Americans
are also suffering, but our people here today are where
African-Americans were two hundred years ago. African-American
can give our struggle tremendous support by bringing forth knowledge of
the existence of such a huge chunk of Asian Blacks to the notice of
both the American Black masses and the Black masses who dwell within
the African continent itself."
particular reading to be somewhat disturbing but because it is a part
of this world's history, I could not leave it out. It is my
hope that our red blood will one day be basis for unity in our
However, if you would like to read more indepth on this passage please
visit the link below.